There are so many ways to normalize vectors… A common preprocessing step in machine learning is to normalize a vector before passing the vector into some machine learning algorithm e.g., before training a support vector machine (SVM).

One way to normalize the vector is to apply `l2-normalization`

to scale the vector to have a `unit norm`

. “Unit norm” essentially means that if we **squared** each element in the vector, and **summed** them, it would equal `1`

.

(note this normalization is also often referred to as, `unit norm`

or a `vector of length 1`

or a `unit vector`

).

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