Dermofit 10-class – differences in ISBI and MLMI accuracy explained

I just got a great question asking why there is a discrepancy in the accuracy reported in our two works:

[ISBI paper, we report 81.8% accuracy over 10 classes]
Kawahara, J., BenTaieb, A., & Hamarneh, G. (2016). Deep features to classify skin lesions. In IEEE ISBI (pp. 1397–1400). Summary and slides here.

[MICCAI MLMI paper, we report 74.1% accuracy over 10 classes]
Kawahara, J., & Hamarneh, G. (2016). Multi-Resolution-Tract CNN with Hybrid Pretrained and Skin-Lesion Trained Layers. In MLMI. Summary and slides here.

We use the same Dermofit dataset, so it seems surprising the accuracy we report in the papers are different. So I thought I would elaborate on why here.
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multi-resolution-tract CNN with hybrid pretrained and skin-lesion trained layers

Last updated on January 30th, 2017

Our paper entitled: “Multi-resolution-Tract CNN with Hybrid Pretrained and Skin-Lesion Trained Layers” was accepted and presented as an oral talk in the Machine Learning in Medical Imaging (MLMI) Workshop (part of the MICCAI conference).

In this work, we used a convolutional neural network (CNN) to classify 10 different types of skin lesions, including melanoma and non-melanoma types.

The key technical contribution was to use multiple tracts (or paths) within the neural network, to train (and test) the network on an image using multiple image resolutions simultaneously. Additionally, we extended a CNN pretrained on a single image resolution to work for multiple image resolutions.

Here are our slides presented at MLMI (thanks Aïcha!) showing our deep learning approach to classify skin disease:
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Deep features to classify skin lesions – summary and slides

Last updated on December 19th, 2016

Here I'm nervously just starting our talk on our approach to skin lesion classification
Me nervously just starting to talk about our approach to skin lesion classification.

We presented our work, “Deep Features to Classify Skin Lesions” at ISBI 2016 in Prague! And I’m happy to report that our work was awarded runner-up for the Best Student Paper Award 🙂

In this work, we looked at how to classify skin lesions from images captured with a digital camera (i.e., non-dermoscopy). Our approach was able to distinguish among 10 different types of skin diseases over 1300 images and achieved an accuracy higher than what was previously reported over the same dataset. We did this by applying deep learning (i.e., pretrained convolutional neural networks) to melanoma and non-melanoma skin images.

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